How To Possible

How To Possible

Saturday, 29 December 2012

What is kaizen

KAIZEN is based on the simple principle that, that whatever the field in our lives, be it social life, working life, domestic life or even leisure life, we need continuous improvement in order to progress and advance as opposed to status quo and stagnancy. For such an effort we must have participation and involvement of one and all whether it is society or an enterprise.
The Japanese economic miracle is attributable to this unique approach in all walks of their lives and we could see the demonstrative evidence of this continuous improvement in all their product and services.
In industries, they felt that, to stay in business and compete, there should be an Unending improvement and progress to provide the leverage against other competitors.
KAIZEN or continuous improvement-what are its connotation (KAI-change; ZEN-better) (for the better)
The interpretation of the meaning of improvement goes for beyond the western perceptions about it. For the western management improvement simply implies only improvement in equipments, processes and maintenance. The Japanese perception of improvement starts with the improvement of the human element. Thus, KAIZEN covers every aspect of human activities.
Is not KAIZEN an off-shoot of other improvement concepts tools and techniques already developed and adopted by the Japanese right from the early fifties, say like TQC/CWQC?
Yes, Masaaki Imai himself says in his book that “such terms as QC (quality control) SQC (statistical quality control) or CWQC (company with wide quality control) often appear in connection with KAIZEN”. Again Imai says that any serious discussion on quality would boil down to its definitions, method of measurement and relating to the benefits there from. However the basic thinking in the entire concept, he maintains, is improvement or kaizen and it is without any complications in definition. KAIZEN is to first develop a mind-set for continuous improvement.
The various chronological developments that preceded the birth of the idea of KAIZEN
  1. 1950s-dr.W.E.deming’s visit to Japan and his and his teaching on statistical methods.
  2. 1954-Dr.j.m.juran’s visit to Japan and his teachings on quality management and particularly the following three tenets.
  1. Upper management leadership for quality.
  2. Massive education on quality related subjects  (top-bottom)
  3. Annual quality improvement plans and annual cost reduction plans and their implementation.
  1. 1956-Japan’s short wave broadcasts Quality control education.
  1. 1960-declaration November of every year as National quality month and formal adoption of Q-marks and Q-flags.
  1. 1962-issue of “Gemba to QC”,a JUSE Journal edited by Dr.k.Ishikawa, to educate foreman and through them workers on Quality Control Methods.
  1. 1962- as a sequel to “Gemba to QC”,birth of QC circles as a small group activity.
  1. 1962- Dr.k.Ishikawa’s emphasis that QC Circles should be only a part of TQC or CWQC for it to endure
KAIZEN and suggestion scheme
According to Masaaki Imai, “Japanese management makes a concerted effort to involve employees in Kaizen through suggestions. Thus, suggestion system is an integral part of the established management system”
Imai also states that the quality control system and suggestion system work in a concerted way where the companies are achieve in KAIZEN.
Apparently, KAIZEN also seems to be a form of suggestion system. “The suggestion system is an integral part of individual oriented KAIZEN”says Imai.from this statement of Imai it is clear that KAIZEN and individual suggestion system are inter-related, maybe with some variations in practice. Whenever a suggestion is made by an employee and is implemented, then standards are established and he takes pride in because it is based on his suggestions.
In Toyota Motor Company, it is said that employees provide 1.5 million suggestions a year, 95%of which are implemented. Read other Quality concept Blogs on

No comments:

Post a Comment